Current conservation issues
A joint World Heritage Centre/IUCN/ICOMOS reinforced monitoring mission to the property was carried out from 19 to 23 January 2009 (The report of the mission is available online at the following web address: http://whc.unesco.org/en/sessions/34COM). The objectives of the mission were to assess the current state of conservation of the property and to develop jointly with the State Party an Action Plan to effectively and adequately address immediate issues that could potentially threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, focusing mainly on governance, risk preparedness, development at Machu Picchu Village and public use at the western access. The Action Plan, with timelines and costs for its undertaking, was agreed on and recommended for implementation in Decision 33 COM 7B.42.
The State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 2 February 2010 that provides
detailed information on the actions implemented in response Committee’s decision at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009).
to the World Heritage
a) Implementation of participatory and conflict resolution governance at the site
workshops to improve
The State Party reports that during 2009, Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary Head Office, from the National Service of State-Protected Natural Areas (Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado-SERNANP) and INC/Cusco (Instituto Nacional de la Cultura) Machu Picchu Archaeological National Park Head Office implemented several participatory workshops with the population of rural areas to examine conflicts regarding housing, applicable regulations, dissemination of the Master Plan, etc. It provides a list of workshops implemented, topics addressed and number of participants.
The World Heritage and the Advisory Bodies take note of the State Party’s continuing activities focused on awareness rising and recognize their importance as a means to engage in participatory decision-making for the property. The results still need to be integrated into a revised management plan, as has been requested by the World Heritage Committee.
Statement of Outstanding Universal Value and desired state of conservation, through a participatory workshop
The draft for the retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value was sent to the World Heritage Centre on 8 March 2010 in Spanish for formal review.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies welcome the development of the draft statement of Outstanding Universal Value and will review it in collaboration with the State Party upon the official definitive submission. They note that a desired state of conservation was also requested in light of the conditions that have been highlighted in previous decisions by the World Heritage Committee.
Emergency Action Plan for risk reduction and disaster recovery
The State Party completed the Emergency Action Plan for Risk Reduction and Disaster Recovery for Machu Picchu village in 2009. The plan is included in the state of conservation report and includes vulnerability and risk analysis related to floods and landslides.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies welcome the Action Plan provided, but note that many of the proposed actions are still in the planning phase and need to be further developed. Clear and precise courses of action can be established to inform visitors and residents of the potential risk and, as far as possible, to set up actions to mitigate risks and to ascertain adequate responses to possible disasters.
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 75