the Sanctuary, which was approved by the Congress of the Republic on 30 March 2010. The text of the Decree underlines the mandate of the national policy structured around four key themes of environmental management. One of the main themes is the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and biological diversity through appropriate land-use planning guidelines to strengthen mechanisms to prevent settlement of population and socio-economic development activities in areas with high potential risk to natural hazards. The Decree does not propose changes to the composition of the UGM or in terms of governance nor refers specifically to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
On 1 April 2010, the Sanctuary was reopened, with access to Machu Picchu provided by road from Ollantaytambo, 82 km from Machu Picchu and from there on the restored railway to Machu Picchu town.
Implementation of a management effectiveness assessment and agreement of a three- year plan to address the improvement of its effectiveness
The State Party reports that the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism currently chairs the Management Unit; changes in the Vice Ministry have delayed the implementation of tasks so the new authority will assume the implementation of the three-year plan for the management effectiveness.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies take note of the operational changes at the institutional level. They wish to underscore the importance of implementing the management effectiveness assessment to identify with precision the current status of management and the identification of gaps as a basis for improving management processes for the property. They reiterate the need to build capacity among managers and other stakeholders in this process.
Establishment and implementation of regulatory measures for the western access to the Sanctuary and definition of public use regulations
The State Party reports that statistics on visitor access through the western sector have been compiled and that the INC and SERNANP have erected a control station at the Puente Hidroeléctrica. They also report that a meeting with the Public Tender Committee of the Regional Government of Cusco was held on 23 December 2009 for consultancy on the elaboration of the Public Use Plan for the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu. The tender documents were approved in this meeting. In accordance with the Contracting Annual Plan for fiscal 2009, from the Cusco Regional Government Head Office, Executing Unit 001 Cusco, approved through Regional Executive Resolution № 057-2009-GR CUSCO/PR, a Consultancy Process “Public Use Plan for Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary” must be implemented through a Public Tender Selection Process.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies reiterate their concern about the lack of significant progress in formulating a plan to manage the development of the western access as agreed in the Action Plan, which constitutes a threat to the attributes that sustain the Outstanding Universal Value of the property and to visitors.
Harmonization of existing legal frameworks and regulatory measures and definition of strategies for efficient implementation
The supervising institutions of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu jointly prepared the report. It states that the responsibility for the preservation, protection and defence of both cultural and natural heritage of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu or the National Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu, rests with the National Institute of Culture (INC) and the National Service of State-Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP).
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 77