The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the there are extensive measures in place but remain concerned about the efficacy and adequacy of their implementation. They also highlight that issues such as duplicity of functions, and overlapping mandates, amongst others, continue to hinder the effective protection of the property and its governance mechanisms.
Analysis of land tenure status and mapping of current uses to identify adequate measures to maintain the Outstanding Universal Value and integrity of the property
The State Party reports that work began in 2009 to identify lands used by rural inhabitants for agriculture and housing. In addition, activities were implemented with the Municipality of Machu Picchu and the Commission for the Regularization of Informal ownership (Comisión de Formalización de la Propiedad Informal-COFOPRI) to grant land titles to inhabitants who are within the demarcation of the 2000 Urban Organization Plan. Due to increasing illegal occupation of land at the Intiwatana and Huayllabamba Districts, additional activities were implemented to prepare quantitative information on the properties, occupants, title holders and other occupants of the sector.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies recognize the progress made on this issue and urge the State Party to continue its efforts so that land tenure and use can be comprehensively analyzed and a strategic response developed to sustain the Outstanding Universal value and integrity of the property, including the identification of potential safe access points and routes for visitation.
The State Party submitted a detailed activity schedule for the fiscal year 2010 that includes actions to be implemented both by the INC and the SERNANP. The proposal includes actions responsive to provisions made in the management plan for the conservation, maintenance and management of the property as well as the ones highlighted during the reinforced monitoring mission of January 2009.
In conclusion, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies remain strongly concerned that a spectrum of pressing concerns continues unresolved including access and transport, risk management, public use, uncontrolled urban development and crowding at Machu Picchu village, inappropriate land uses, sporadic stakeholder participation and governance issues. These issues have been previously highlighted in numerous reactive monitoring missions and in decisions by the World Heritage Committee. Many of the actions reported by the State Party have yet to be taken from planning stages to implementation and after 10 years of recommendations and proposals for actions there are not yet effective nor adequate measures in place to systematically and holistically address threats to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.
The emergency situation of January and February 2010 further evidenced the inadequacy of the management arrangements and the lack of disaster preparedness or disaster response procedures. It has also exacerbated existing problems and highlighted the overall vulnerability of the property at both national and international level, especially with regard to access.
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the threats to the property are impacting adversely on its Outstanding Universal Value and are pushing the property towards imminent danger. They also note that the reinforced monitoring mechanism was previously applied to the property and led to the preparation of a programme of actions to address the most pressing threats and management weaknesses of the property and its estimated costs. They consider that the State Party should be assisted in securing a greater
State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List
WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 78