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49.

Aapravasi Ghat (Mauritius) (C 1227)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2006

Criterion (vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A

Previous Committee Decisions 30COM 8B.33

International Assistance N/A

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds N/A

Previous monitoring missions N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports N/A

Illustrative material http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1227

Current conservation issues

In January 2010, the World Heritage Centre was informed of repetitive demolition of historic buildings within the buffer zone. Amongst the most important buildings were the Merchant Navy Club buildings, one of the oldest buildings, built in 1850.

On 9 April 2010, the World Heritage Centre wrote to the State Party expressing its concerns and requesting a state of conservation report of the property, which had not been received at the time of drafting of this report.

Since the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List in 2006, 16 buildings were demolished in the buffer zone - nearly 7% of the total number. These included 6 Grade 1 (10%); 1 Grade 2; and 9 non-graded. The demolitions were mostly located in the immediate surroundings of the Immigration Depot with strong physical and architectural links to the property. In addition, 4 graded buildings had been subjected to major interventions and 6 to minor interventions, with 10 other minor interventions to non-graded structures.

Information was also received that a Planning Policy Guidance is under preparation and should be submitted soon to the Ministry of Housing and Lands for consideration and approval. This document aims to address the negative changes created by development impacting on the visual and historical links of the property. It is urgent that the Guidance be officially enacted, and that a number of financial incentives be examined by the Government to encourage the retention of heritage buildings in the property and its buffer zone.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are concerned that the potential threat in the buffer zone identified at the time of inscription has in part been realized in terms of demolition of monuments of national value and that furthermore, no information has been received to indicate that the buffer zone has legal protection or is regulated by the Planning and Development Act.

State of conservation of World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

WHC-10/34.COM/7B.Add, p. 87

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