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(e) Proclamations suspending duty-free treatment
(1) The President may by proclamation suspend the duty-free treatment provided by this chapter with respect to any eligible article and may proclaim a duty rate for such article if such action is provided under chapter 1 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251 et seq.) or section 1862 of this title.
(2) In any report by the International Trade Commission to the President under section 202(f) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(f)) regarding any article for which duty-free treatment has been proclaimed by the President pursuant to this chapter, the Commission shall state whether and to what extent its findings and recommendations apply to such article when imported from beneficiary countries.
(3) For purposes of subsections section 203 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2253(a), (c)), the suspension of the duty-free treatment provided by this chapter shall be treated as an increase in duty.
(4) No proclamation which provides solely for a suspension referred to in paragraph (3) of this subsection with respect to any article shall be taken under section 203 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2253) unless the United States International Trade Commission, in addition to making an affirmative determination with respect to such article under section 202(b) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2252(b)), determines in the course of its investigation under such section that the serious injury (or threat thereof) substantially caused by imports to the domestic industry producing a like or directly competitive article results from the duty-free treatment provided by this chapter.
(5)(A) Any action taken under section 203 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2253) that is in effect when duty-free treatment pursuant to section 2701 of this title is proclaimed shall remain in effect until modified or terminated.
(B) If any article is subject to any such action at the time duty-free treatment is proclaimed pursuant to section 2701 of this title, the President may reduce or terminate the application of such action to the importation of such article from beneficiary countries prior to the otherwise scheduled date on which such reduction or termination would occur pursuant to the criteria and procedures of section 203 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2253).
(f) Petitions to International Trade Commission
(1) If a petition is filed with the International Trade Commission pursuant to the provisions of section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2251) regarding a perishable product and alleging injury from imports from beneficiary countries, then the petition may also be filed with the Secretary of Agriculture with a request that emergency relief be granted pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection with respect to such article.
(2) Within fourteen days after the filing of a petition under paragraph (1) of this subsection -
(A) if the Secretary of Agriculture has reason to believe that a perishable product from a beneficiary country is being imported into the United States in such increased quantities as to be a substantial cause of serious injury, or the threat thereof, to the domestic industry producing a perishable product like or directly competitive with the imported product and that emergency action is warranted, he shall advise the President and recommend that the President take emergency action; or
(B) the Secretary of Agriculture shall publish a notice of his determination not to recommend the imposition of emergency action and so advise the petitioner.
(3) Within seven days after the President receives a recommendation from the Secretary of Agriculture to take emergency action pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection, he shall issue a proclamation withdrawing the duty-free treatment provided by this chapter or publish a notice of his determination not to take emergency action.
(4) The emergency action provided by paragraph (3) of this subsection shall cease to apply-
(A) upon the taking of action under section 203 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2253),
(B) on the day a determination by the President not to take action under section 203 of such Act (19 U.S.C. 2253) not to take action becomes final,
(C) in the event of a report of the United States International Trade Commission containing a negative finding, on the day the Commission's report is submitted to the President, or