significant. Perhaps a reason for this is rooted in nurses’ educations.
It is possible that participants were unable to strongly identify with one of the options (Diploma, Associate, BSN, MSN, and Doctoral) presented in the survey instrument. For example, a nurse who has been trained with an associate degree education might pursue a bachelors or masters degree outside of nursing. This presents ambiguity among the survey options; although the nurse was trained at the associate level, he or she went on to earn a baccalaureate degree outside of nursing, which was not an option on the survey instrument.
The same is applicable for a nurse trained at the diploma level that eventually went to graduate school and received, for example, a masters degree in health administration or public health. Participants may have been forced-into an answer option which didn’t represent their highest level of education. Thus, the differences in homophobia scores in the sample based on education were insignificant as was education as a predictor of homophobia in the nurses.
Hypothesis 2 suggested that there would be a positive correlation between religious association and homophobia. To derive an overall picture of a participant’s religious association, the critical ratio (CR) value of 3 items on the survey instrument: religion, religious ideology, and frequency of church attendance were analyzed. The literature indicated all