CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Gay Discrimination in Public Social Policy and Beginnings of a Gay Civil Rights Movement
The widespread existence of discrimination, hate crimes and violence, oppression, and heterosexist hatred against homosexuals is widely supported in the research literature pertaining to homosexuals (Pierce, 2001; Wetzel, 2001; Conley, Devine, Rabow, & Evett, 2002; Ellis, Kitzinger & Wilkinson, 2002; Herek, 2002; Irwin, 2002). To support an engrained heterosexist discriminatory element in America’s employment culture, a brief introduction of the history of the modern gay civil rights movement along with examples of common problems homosexuals experience in American society will be provided.
The modern gay civil rights movement has on its agenda the
cessation of homosexuals,
practices and cultural norms that inflict harm on
gays and lesbians, denying promotion opportunities in
gays and lesbians the workplace, or
equal employment or the labeling of gay
civil rights as “special rights” to undermine advances. An example of indirect oppression is the lack of opportunity for taxation and healthcare benefits afforded to married heterosexual couples through illegalization of gay marriages (Pierce, 2001).
Many researchers and authors believe the modern gay civil rights movement began in 1969 with the Stonewall riots (Wetzell,