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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 129 / 161

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Conclusion

The purpose of this study was to examine Registered nurses’ homophobia and overall attitudes toward the protection of gays and lesbians in the workplace. The theoretical frameworks of John Rawls and Martha Nussbaum served as the organizational foundation for the study. An extensive literature review of the independent variables, the ATLG scale, nondiscrimination policies, workplace discrimination, and gay rights initiatives was synthesized. The dependent variable of this study is the homophobia scores represented by the ATLG. The independent variables are 1) gender; 2) age; 3) race/ethnicity; 4) education level; 5) religious association; 6) belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality; 7) interpersonal contact with homosexuals as friends and/or family members; and 8) support or non-support of a workplace nondiscrimination policy the protects gay men and lesbians.

The research hypotheses of this study predicted the following: 1) differences in the level of homophobia related to gender, age, race/ethnicity, and education; 2) a positive correlation between religious association and homophobia; 3) a positive correlation between belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality and homophobia; 4) a negative correlation between interpersonal contact with gay men and/or lesbians as friends and/or family members and homophobia; and 5) a negative correlation between support for a nondiscrimination policy protecting gays and lesbians in the workplace and homophobia.

A potential sample of 520 registered nurses licensed in the

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