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interpersonal contact with homosexuals as friends and/or family

members derived for this study were selected from an extensive

literature review. One major body of literature is that of Dr.

Gregory Herek, a noted psychologist who has extensively studied

prejudice against lesbians and gay men (Altschiller, 1999).

Huff, 2001; H

erek 2000a; Berkman & Zinberg, 1997; Herek &

Capitanio, 19

95; Herek & Glunt, 1993). While much research has

shown a relat

ionship among age and homophobia, little exists to

explain this

relationship. The majority of researchers have

found a posit

ive correlation among age and homophobia (Finlay &

Walther, 2003

; Lewis, 2003; Herek 2002a, Landen & Innala, 2002;

Many res

earchers have studied the association between age

and homophobi

a (Finlay & Walther, 2003; Lewis, 2003; Battle &

Lewelle, 2002

; Ellis, Kitzinger, & Wilkinson, 2002; Herek,

Herek 2000b).

One speculation is that older Americans tend to be

less politica

lly and socially tolerant than young Americans

(Lewis, 2003)

.

The agin

g process itself may not be responsible for the

correlation;

it is likely that era of socialization plays a more

salient role

(Lewis, 2003). It is important to highlight that

not all data

supports this correlation. Younger respondents were

Age

2002a; Landen

& Innala, 2002; Hoffmann & Bakken, 2001; Wilson &

19

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