more likely to agree with a statement describing male
homosexuals as disgusting and were in opposition to loosening
state laws restricting consenting lesbian behavior (Ellis, et.
al, 2002). Some data do not support a statistical relationship
among age and overall homophobia at all (Herek & Capitanio,
1995; Battle & Lemelle, 2002; Ellis, et. al, 2002).
Typically, individuals aged 18-29 have lower ATLG scores
(lower homophobia) compared to those 40-49, and 50-59. However,
statistical significance exists when looking at overall
homophobia of individuals greater than the age of 30 (Hoffmann &
Bakken, 2001) while individuals under the age of 44 hold lower
while there appears to be a positive correlation between
homophobia and age, the exact measurement of what age or age
group begins to separate from younger ages or age groups in-
relation to homophobia is more elusive to delineate.
Heterosexism belief, a prescription to engrained heterosexual
dominance of society, has also been positively correlated with
age (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).
A large number of research studies examining overall
homophobia of heterosexuals also examined the independent
variable of gender. The studies reviewed in this literature