X hits on this document

PDF document

REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 32 / 161

455 views

0 shares

0 downloads

0 comments

32 / 161

There are differences in male and female attitudes towards

gay men and male and female attitudes towards lesbians. Males

tend to show higher levels of homophobia toward male homosexuals

compared to female homosexuals (Ellis, et. al, 2002; Herek

2002a, 2002b; Lim, 2002). Males show much more homonegativity in

their attitudes compared to females (Herek, 2002b). Female

attitudes

towards

lesbians

are

divided

in

the

literature.

One

of Herek’s (2000b) studies didn’t support a correlation between

female gender and greater levels of homophobia toward lesbians.

LaMar and Kite (1998) however, did find that female respondents

were more likely to show more homophobia toward lesbians than

gay men. Aggregate data of the studies reviewed also indicate

higher overall homophobia scores toward gay men compared to

lesbians.

There are several theoretical frameworks used to explain

the reason that males harbor more homophobia and homonegativity

than females. Attitudinal belief about personal sexuality is one

such explanation (Herek, 2002b). There also appears to be a

correlation between homophobia and irrationality among males

(Plugge-Foust & Strickland, 2001). Women also tend to have

significantly more interactions with homosexuals, which might

explain the differences (Plugge-Foust & Strickland, 2001).

The theory of shared characteristics is another proposed

explanation (Lim, 2002). This asserts that male homosexuals

22

Document info
Document views455
Page views455
Page last viewedFri Dec 09 10:37:32 UTC 2016
Pages161
Paragraphs2400
Words29225

Comments