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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 34 / 161

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from God as a result of living a sinful lifestyle (Lewis, 2003).

African Americans are more likely to support the removal of a

progay book from their public library and ban a gay public

speaker from giving a speech in their community (Lewis, 2003).

Other independent variables related to increased homophobia

among African Americans have also been identified. African

Americans are much more likely to be religious, be less

educated, and be of male gender. These are all endogenous

variables that have been correlated with increased levels of

homophobia, regardless of race (Battle & Lemelle, 2002; Lewis,

2003).

The exact relationships between different ethnicities and

different levels of homophobia are difficult to ascertain.

Although research indicates African American as being more

homophobic than Caucasians, they are much more likely to support

laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination against gay

men and lesbians in the workplace (Lewis, 2003). In addition,

not all data supports the finding that African Americans have

more homophobia than Caucasians (Herek & Capitanio, 1995). Some

data suggest that there isn’t a strong racial difference in

degrees of homophobia at all (Finlay & Walther, 2003). Samples

of Asian individuals in China indicate levels of homophobia that

are statistically similar to that of American and western

heterosexuals (Lim, 2002). Also consistent in the literature is

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