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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 35 / 161

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that like Caucasians, lower levels of homophobia towards

lesbians compared to gay men are found among Black samples

(Herek & Capitanio, 1999; Herek & Capitanio, 1995). This

reiterates another commonality between all ethnicities and their

overall homophobia.

Non-White respondents are more likely to agree with the

ATLG items “lesbians just can’t fit into our society;” “male

homosexuals are disgusting;” “lesbians are sick;” “male

homosexuality is a perversion;” “female homosexuality is a sin;”

and “homosexual behavior between two men is just plain wrong”

(Ellis, et. al, 2002). Non-Caucasians are also more likely to

disagree that “male homosexuality is a natural expression of

sexuality among men,” that “male homosexuality is merely a

different kind of lifestyle which should not be condemned,” and

that “state laws regulating private, consenting lesbian behavior

should be loosened” (Ellis, et. al, 2002)

As stated previously, very little inquiry is devoted to

determining the reasoning behind differences in homophobia among

different ethnicities (Herek, 2000b). One speculation is that

white women have relatively favorable attitudes toward lesbians

and gay men in-comparison to black women, thus causing the

overall level of homophobia among African Americans to be

increased (Herek, 2000b). Herek (2000b) also related other

variables to this difference. “Interpersonal contact may be more

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