American community (Lewis, 2003). African Americans are two-
thirds less likely than Caucasians to be college graduates.
Education appears to positively correlate to a greater
acceptance of differences in others, more liberal sexual
outlooks, and an increase in the amount of interactions people
have with gay men and lesbians; therefore, it is speculated that
African Americans should tend to be less accepting of
homosexuals (Lewis, 2003).
Scores on the ATLG Scale decrease as respondent educational
level increases; thus, education is negatively correlated with
homophobia as rated by the ATLG (Herek, 2002a). Attempting to
define at exactly what level of education differences in
homophobia begins, college education appears to serve as a
division point as research indicates that heterosexuals with a
college degree hold significantly more favorable attitudes and
less prejudice about homosexuals than do those with less
education (Herek & Capitanio, 1995).
Perhaps education itself isn’t significant without
educational experiences rich in sexual orientation issues, which
has been correlated with lower degrees of homophobia (Hoffmann &
Bakken, 2001). However, research on social workers hasn’t been
able to support this correlation (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).
Clearly, there is much conflicting data that suggests the need