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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 41 / 161

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Although there is a stro

ng religi

ous-assoc

iated correlation

with homophobia, there does n

ot appear

to be a

strong

correlation between religiosi

ty and ga

y/lesbian

colonization

(Dennis, 2002). Thus, regions

of the c

ountry th

at have high

populations of religious prac

titioners

do not n

ecessarily have

smaller populations of gay an

d lesbian

resident

s (Dennis, 2002).

In addition it is important f

or the pu

rposes of

this study to

indicate that, although there

is a gre

at paucit

y of data

examining homophobia among ph

ysicians

and nurse

s, what little

data does exist does not supp

ort diffe

rences in

homophobia

scores with religious associa

tion (Dou

glas, et.

al, 1985).

“free choice” model of homosexuality, and supp

ort for

psychological versus biological explanations o

f sexual

orientation development have been supported as

predictors of

homophobia (Herek, 2002b; Landen & Innala, 200

2; Sakalli, 2002;

Herek, 2000b; Herek & Capitanio, 1995). Indivi

duals who believe

that a homosexual orientation results from soc

ial learning

and/or a conscious choice that remains within

one’s control

statistically have higher levels of homophobia

than those who

believe that a homosexual orientation results

from biological

and psychosocial influences (Herek, 2002b; Lan

den & Innala,

2002; Sakalli, 2002; Herek, 2000b; Herek & Cap

itanio, 1995).

Belief in the “Free-Choice” Model of Homosexua

Controllability of one’s sexual orientati

31

lity

on, belief in the

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