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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 45 / 161

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(Herek, 2000b). Conversely, heterosexuals who report pr

eviously

negative interactions with gay men or lesbians are more

likely

to harbor homophobic beliefs (Herek, 1988).

Males are more likely to rate their prior interact

ions with

gays and lesbians negatively compared to females (LaMar

& Kite,

1998). There is also a hierarchical correlation between

Negative (lower homophobic) scores on the ATLG Sca

le have

also been correlated with the amount of interpersonal c

ontact

with gays and lesbians. Heterosexuals who report knowin

g someone

who is gay have significantly lower ATLG scores than th

ose

heterosexuals without such contact (Herek & Capitanio,

1995).

homophobia and the status of the gay or lesbian person

interacted with previously (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).

Interactions with peers and superiors have more of a po

impact on homophobia and heterosexism than interactions

people of lower status (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).

one has

sitive

with

The Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men (ATLG) Scale

The ATLG Scale was developed in 1988 by psychologist

Gregory Herek. This section will discuss the development of the

scale along with several studies that have been used to

establish validity and reliability of the instrument. The scale

can be obtained from the Handbook of Sexually-Related Measures

(Davis, Yarber, Davis, Bauserman, & Scheer, 1998).

35

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