(Herek, 2000b). Conversely, heterosexuals who report pr
negative interactions with gay men or lesbians are more
to harbor homophobic beliefs (Herek, 1988).
Males are more likely to rate their prior interact
gays and lesbians negatively compared to females (LaMar
1998). There is also a hierarchical correlation between
Negative (lower homophobic) scores on the ATLG Sca
also been correlated with the amount of interpersonal c
with gays and lesbians. Heterosexuals who report knowin
who is gay have significantly lower ATLG scores than th
heterosexuals without such contact (Herek & Capitanio,
homophobia and the status of the gay or lesbian person
interacted with previously (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).
Interactions with peers and superiors have more of a po
impact on homophobia and heterosexism than interactions
people of lower status (Berkman & Zinberg, 1997).
The Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men (ATLG) Scale
The ATLG Scale was developed in 1988 by psychologist
Gregory Herek. This section will discuss the development of the
scale along with several studies that have been used to
establish validity and reliability of the instrument. The scale
can be obtained from the Handbook of Sexually-Related Measures
(Davis, Yarber, Davis, Bauserman, & Scheer, 1998).