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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 46 / 161

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The purpose of the scale is to gauge heterosexuals’

affective responses to homosexuality, gay men, and lesbians

(Davis, et. al, 1998). Items were developed for the ATLG through

scrutiny of the public discourse surrounding sexual orientation

(Davis, et. al, 1998). Herek (1984, 1987a, 1988, 1994) has

completed factor analyses, item analyses, and construct validity

studies. Consisting of two subscales (one gauging affective

response to statements concerning lesbians and the other to gay

men), a total of twenty questions are answered in likert-format,

in which respondents rate the degree to which they agree to a

given statement. Using paper-and-pencil, it is recommended that

either a 4-point or 5-point scale be used with the following

labels: 5 = “Strongly Agree;” 4 = “Disagree Somewhat;” 3 =

“Neither Agree nor Disagree;” 2 = “Agree Somewhat;” 1 =

“Strongly Agree” (Davis, et. al, 1998). The higher the overall

score of a respondent, the more homophobia he or she possesses.

The ATLG has been shown reliable with alpha levels greater than

.80 (Herek, 1987a, 1987b, 1988, 1994; Herek & Glunt, 1991,

1993).

Shorter

forms

of

the

ATLG

have

also

shown

reliable

with

alpha scores of .70 (Herek, 1994; Herek & Capitanio, 1996).

Using alternate forms, test-retest reliability was

demonstrated among a sample questioned and then re-questioned

three weeks later (Herek, 1988; 1994). To examine validity,

higher scores (indicating greater degrees of homophobia) were

36

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