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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 52 / 161

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free and equal societies will

individuals” (Anderson, 2002, p. be pluralistic with a wide range

1).

of

Truly free

religious

and

philosophical views.

This creates a paradoxical dilemma of how

society can form a basis for justice given no common religious or moral starting point (Anderson, 2002). To accomplish this, Rawls argues that society must collectively negotiate a basis using a fair, rational method based on freedom and equality rather than deriving one from religious or moral postulates (Anderson, 2002).

Rawls’ theoretical perspective builds on the concepts of the Social Contract from Kant, Rousseau and Locke (Anderson, 2002). Anderson (2002) argues the differences between Rawls’ theory and the principles of utilitarianism and the similarities

with

universalism: “While it has s Utilitarianism, Utilitarianism that results in Rawls points ou wealth and powe thus violates b comes closer to action is prope also take that Golden Rule: Do

do of

to you).

Un

equal

right

ome similarities with Bentham’s

it differs in fundamental ways. argues that one should choose the action

the most good to the most individuals. t how this can often lead to inequalities in

r and threatens individual liberties and

oth

of

his

presuppositions.

Rawls’

system

Universalism.

Universalism argues that any

r if one is prepared to allow anyone action (a bit similar to a variation

else to of the

unto others as you are willing for them to iversalism guarantees equality in the sense to act, but does not necessarily lead to

42

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