One instrument was used in this study, the Attitudes Toward Lesbian and Gay Men (ATLG) Scale developed by Gregory Herek (1984, 1987a, 1987b, 1988, 1994). This 20-question survey instrument is designed as a 5-point likert scale on which respondents rate their attitude regarding a specific statement about homosexual men or women. The scale consists of two subscales: the Attitudes Toward Lesbian (ATL) Scale and the Attitudes Toward Gay Men (ATG) Scale. Combined as the ATLG, this tool measures heterosexuals’ attitudes toward homosexuals.
Scoring is evaluated by summing numerical values (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) across items for each subscale. Reverse scoring is used for some items; reverse scoring is corrected in the statistical analyses. The possible range of scores varies depending on the response of study participants. With the 5-point response scale used in this inquiry, total scale scores can range from 20 (extremely positive attitudes) to 100 (extremely negative attitudes), with ATL and ATG subscale scores each ranging from 10 to 50.
In addition to the ATLG, a demographic data collection sheet to gather information about the participants’ age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality, exposure to homosexuals through friends and/or family associations, and attitudes towards workplace nondiscrimination policies protective of gays and lesbians was used. To gauge religious association, the participant selected