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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 69 / 161

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CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to examine registered nurses’ homophobia and overall attitudes toward the protection of gays and lesbians in the workplace. The dependent variable of this study is the homophobia scores as measured by the ATLG. The independent variables are 1) gender; 2) age; 3) race/ethnicity; 4) education level; 5) religious association; 6) belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality; 7) interpersonal contact with homosexuals as friends and/or family members; and 8) support or non-support of a workplace nondiscrimination policy that protects gay men and lesbians. The findings will increase knowledge pertaining to social justice and discrimination issues encountered by homosexuals and will also serve to validate the use of antidiscrimination policies that protect gay men and lesbians in the workplace of RNs.

The organizing frameworks guiding the research are John Rawls’ Theory of Social Justice and Martha Nussbaum’s Theory of Human Rights. Measures of central tendency were used to describe the demographic composition and trends of the sample. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to validate the ATLG scale in gauging overall homophobia of the sample. T-tests and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the first hypothesis, and, structural equation modeling (SEM) and linear regression were used to assess the remaining hypotheses. All data analyses were performed with the use of the Statistical

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