Hypothesis 2 predicted there would be a positive correlation between religious association and homophobia. To derive the overall influence of religious association on homophobia, the researcher analyzed three independent variables: religion, religious ideology, and frequency of church attendance. The critical ratio (CR) value of > 1.96 was used to indicate a statistically significant correlation between the independent variables and homophobia. Religion did not correlate significantly with homophobia with a CR value of -.96. Religious ideology also did not correlate with homophobia with a CR value of -.68. Lastly, frequency of church attendance, did not have a statistically significant correlation with homophobia with a CR value of -1.14.
This negative value, although statistically insignificant, does suggest a positive relationship between increasing church attendance and higher levels of homophobia. Thus, the hypothesis that religion, religious ideology, and frequency of church attendance (religious association) would be positively correlated with homophobia is rejected and not supported.
Hypothesis 3 predicted a positive correlation between belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality and homophobia. To measure this variable, respondents were asked to gauge the degree to which he or she agreed or disagreed with two statements: 1)”Gay men and lesbians consciously choose their