CR value for this independent variable was 3.6, indicating a strong correlation between lack of interpersonal contact with gay men and/or lesbians with homophobia. Thus, hypothesis four is supported in the SEM.
Hypothesis 5 proposed a negative correlation between support for a nondiscrimination policy protecting gays and lesbians in the workplace and homophobia. To assess this hypothesis, respondents were asked to gauge the degree to which they agreed or disagreed with the statements “I would support a nondiscrimination policy in my workplace that protects gay men and lesbians” and “I would not support a nondiscrimination policy in my workplace that protects gay men and lesbians.” Next, the researcher included the answers to both of these as independent variables in the SEM and analyzed the critical ratio (CR) value using > 1.96 to indicate statistical significance.
Support of the nondiscrimination policy was negatively correlated with homophobia with a CR value of -4.1. Thus, it can be suggested that those who indicated they would support such a policy were less homophobic than those who indicated they would not support such a policy. In addition, the second question had a positive correlation CR value of 3.3, suggesting a positive correlation between non-support of a nondiscrimination policy and overall homophobia. Thus, the final hypothesis is accepted as the data analysis supported a negative correlation between support of the nondiscrimination policy and homophobia.