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REGISTERED NURSES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PROTECTION OF GAYS AND - page 94 / 161

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CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to examine registered nurses’ homophobia and overall attitudes toward the protection of gays and lesbians in the workplace. The theoretical frameworks of John Rawls and Martha Nussbaum served as the organizational foundation for the study. An extensive literature review of the independent variables, the ATLG Scale, nondiscrimination policies, workplace discrimination, and gay rights initiatives was synthesized. The dependent variable of this study is the homophobia scores represented by the ATLG Scale. The independent variables are 1) gender; 2) age; 3) race/ethnicity; 4) education level; 5) religious association; 6) belief in the “free choice” model of homosexuality; 7) interpersonal contact with homosexuals as friends and/or family members; and 8) support or non-support of a workplace nondiscrimination policy the protects gay men and lesbians. The findings will add to the literature pertaining to social justice and discrimination issues encountered by homosexuals and will also serve to validate the use of antidiscrimination policies that protect gay men and lesbians in the workplace of RNs. The research hypotheses of this study predicted the following:

  • 1.

    There would be a difference in the level of homophobia related to gender, age, race/ethnicity, and education.

  • 2.

    There would be a positive correlation between religious

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