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Regsuren Bat-Erdene

Directo , Department of Higher and Vocational Education Ministry of Education, Culture and Science Ulanbaata , Mongolia

Mongolia’s national education system consists of several sectors, which include both formal schooling and a broad range of non-formal education and training. Its higher education has undergone reforms such as decentralization of the sector and liberalization of national higher education policy. There are also privately owned domestic higher education providers as well as foreign investment in schools and branch campuses of foreign universities and colleges.

Coordination of higher education in Mongolia rests with the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science (MECS), the central state administering body, which is responsible for the formulation of nationwide policies pertaining to education.

An accreditation system for the Mongolian higher education sector started in 1998, Institutions generally undergo evaluation every five years. The government uses accreditation as a tool of quality check and as a major criterium for student financial aid eligibility. There are around 90 public and private universities that have undergone institutional accreditation, some of which have already undergone re-accreditation since 2003.

The country maintains an open policy that allows the establishment of schools created with foreign investment, as well as branch campuses of foreign universities and colleges in Mongolia. So far, thirteen educational institutions have been established by foreign nationals: four branches of various Russian universities, one branch of a Kazakh university, five institutions by Korean nationals, one institution by a Japanese national, and one branch of a Singaporean institution.

With the liberalization of its education sector, Mongolia welcomes both national and international providers of higher education. There is one regulatory system for both domestic and foreign providers. All higher education providers follow Mongolia’s national rules and legislation.

Cross-border education in Mongolia pursuant to GATS is currently being studied. There is no cross-border higher education supply out of Mongolia. In terms of consumption abroad, Mongolia exercises bilateral relations and sends students abroad. As for the commercial presence of foreign providers, all educational institutions in Mongolia should operate on a not-for-profit basis.

Although Mongolia became a signatory to GATS in 1997, the country has yet to make a concrete commitment to educational activities. However, it has signed bilateral agreements for mutual recognition of higher education diplomas and degrees with the


Ninth Session of the Regional Committee

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