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People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine, andAustria. These bilateral agreements are viewed as instruments to creating favourable conditions for recognition of degrees across borders.


Devi Prasad Barakoti

Chief, Affiliation Division Higher Secondary Education Board Bhaktapu , Nepal

Higher education in Nepal started in 1958 with the establishment of Tribhuwan University. At present, it has six universities. In addition, there are two more institutions that run medical courses.

The quality of Nepalese education has remained an important issue in the country. The University Grants Commission (UGC) provides government support to higher education institutions, and functions as a coordinating body. Its committees work on accreditation, scholarship, academic, grants and research promotion.

Meanwhile, the Higher Secondary Education Board (HSEB), established in 1989, runs the education system’s 10+2 structure. The HSEB prepares students for the world of work and for general higher education and professional disciplines.

Current issues under review include the creation of uniform university management and evaluation systems, as well as the development of relevant curricula.


Nona Ricafort

Commissioner Commission on Higher Education Philippines

Higher education in contemporary Philippines is guided by a philosophical orientation that teaches the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes necessary to make students productive members of society. It is geared towards the pursuit of better quality of life for all Filipinos.

Higher education is at the apex of the Philippines’educational system. College students normally enter higher education when they are 16 to 18 years old. By this time, students should have completed a 10-year basic education programme (including six years of elementary education and four years of secondary education).

Ninth Session of the Regional Committee


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