(b). Note that this is a DC circuit. However, changing the amount of iron inside the solenoid changes the magnetic field strength in that region and results in a changing magnetic flux through the loops of the solenoid. This changing flux will generate a back emf that opposes the current in the circuit and decreases the brightness of the bulb. The effect will be present only while the rod is in motion. If the rod is held stationary at any position, the back emf will disappear and the bulb will return to its original brightness.