The following statistics are drawn largely from the 2001 Census and other information gathered more recently by central and local government agencies. A full statistical profile of the Tauranga District appears in Appendix 1.
Tauranga’s population is older than average. In 2001, 22% of residents were aged 60 years or over (compared with 16% of the national population). There were also fewer residents aged 15-29 years than nationally.
Tauranga is less ethnically diverse than New Zealand as a whole. In 2001, 88% of residents were European (compared with 80% nationally) and 16% were Maori (15% nationally). Other ethnic groups, such as Asian and Pacific peoples, are represented in the Tauranga community at only a fraction of their national rate.
Of the 25,000 families living in Tauranga in 2001, 45% were couples without children (nationally, childless couples made up 39% of families). By 2021, Statistics New Zealand estimates couples without children will make up 53% of Tauranga families.
Tauranga is slightly more socio-economically deprived than New Zealand as a whole. However, there are relatively few residents living at either extreme of the deprivation scale.
In 2001, 61% of Tauranga adults were in the labour force, considerably fewer than the 67% nationally. This reflects the high number of older residents, many of them retired; a trend also reflected in Tauranga’s median personal income ($16,800, compared with the $18,500 national median).
Tauranga’s age profile is evident in health statistics. In 2000/2001, there were more hospitalisations per 1,000 people than nationally, and 35% of these involved residents aged 65 years and over (28% nationally). Some common reasons for hospital stays in Tauranga were not so common elsewhere, such as diseases of the circulatory system. Older people were also over-represented in the mental health system: 9% of new mental health clients in Tauranga in 2001 were 75 years or over, compared with 4% nationally.
Children under 15 years old also made up a slightly higher proportion of new mental health clients in Tauranga than nationally. Young people aged 10-13 years and 17-20 years were also over-represented in the number of apprehensions for criminal offences.
The number of offences recorded in Tauranga has not fallen as fast as elsewhere. Between 1996 and 2004, there was a 15% drop in recorded offences nationwide. Over the same period, recorded offences in Tauranga fell by only 3%. Some forms of crime increased markedly, especially drugs and anti-social offences (up by 56%), and violent crime (up by 34%).
Over the same period, recorded family violence in Tauranga fluctuated above and below the national average. At its peak, in 2004, there were 74 such offences recorded per 10,000 residents, 10 more than the national rate.