In 2001, Tauranga District was home to just over 25,000 families5. The biggest group (11,300 families) comprised couples without children: such families made up 39% of families nationally. The biggest concentration of childless families (860) was in Papamoa Beach West, with large numbers (more than 600) also found in Te Maunga, Matua, Arataki, Welcome Bay, Papamoa Beach East, Omanu and Otomoetai North.
Families comprising couples with children (around 8,860 in 2001) made up 35% of all families in the district – considerably fewer than the 42% nationally. Welcome Bay had the largest number (around 780); other areas where families with children were concentrated included Papamoa Beach East and West, Matua, Brookfield, Hairini, Omanu and Bellevue.
Nineteen percent of Tauranga families (4,860) consisted of one parent and children, the same as the national average. The largest proportion of one-parent families lived in Welcome Bay (390), with more than 300 also located in Papamoa Beach East, Arataki, Brookfield and Papamoa Beach West.
The numbers of families of all kinds are expected to increase steadily in Tauranga over the next two decades. Statistics New Zealand projects that couples without children will number 16,600 in 2011 and 21,300 by 2021 – comprising an estimated 53% of the district’s families. Two-parent families are projected to increase to 11,000 by 2021, and one-parent families to 8,000.
The NZDep2001 index of deprivation6 shows Tauranga District is slightly more socio-economically deprived than New Zealand as a whole. Across the country, equal numbers of people live in areas at each of the 10 levels of deprivation – from areas of high deprivation to those of low deprivation. But, as the following graph shows, Tauranga’s population is skewed towards the right-hand (more deprived) end of the deprivation scale. It also shows Tauranga is a district lacking people at either extreme of the scale. In 2001, only 10% of residents lived in the two least socio-economically deprived areas, and just 6% in the most deprived (decile 10).
5In the Census, a family is defined by the presence, in one household, of a “family nucleus” (a couple, or parent(s) and child(ren)). Child dependency is not a component of the definition. This means a 90 year-old woman living with her 60 year-old daughter, who does not have children of her own in the same household, would be classified as “one parent with children”.
6The NZDep2001 index of deprivation was created from data from the 2001 Census of Population and Dwellings. The index describes the deprivation experienced by groups of people in small areas. Nine deprivation variables were used in the construction of the index, reflecting eight types of deprivation. The variables used were the proportions of people: aged 18-59 years receiving a means-tested benefit; aged 18-59 years unemployed; living in households with equivalised income below an income threshold; with no access to a telephone; with no access to a car; aged less than 60 years living in a single-parent family; aged 18-59 years without any qualification; living in households above equivalised bedroom occupancy threshold; and not living in own home.