Types of support received
As at the end of March 2005, 3,290 Tauranga people received the Domestic Purposes Benefit (DPB) Sole Parent7 payment, making this the most common form of income support in the district apart from New Zealand Superannuation. The Invalid’s Benefit was the second most common, with just over 2,060 recipients. The number of people receiving this benefit has increased year-on-year since 2002, when 1,770 people received it. An upward trend was also evident among Sickness Benefit8 recipients, who numbered around 1,460 at the end of March 2005 (up from around 1,020 in 2002).
Non-beneficiaries9 was the next largest Work and Income client group in Tauranga, numbering around 1,320. An increase of around 400 since March 2004 was at least partially due to the expansion of eligibility for supplementary benefits under the Working for Families package.
Unemployment Benefit10 recipients numbered 660. Reflecting the nationwide drop in unemployment, this number was down 82% from March 2002 when the Unemployment Benefit was the most common form of income support in Tauranga (excluding New Zealand Superannuation).
Children and teenagers
As of March 2005, Tauranga’s DPB recipients were responsible for around 5,920 children. For 45% of recipients, their youngest child was under 5 years.
In the same period, 370 Tauranga teenagers were receiving some form of income support. One-quarter received the DPB Sole Parent or Emergency Maintenance Allowance; 82 received the Invalid’s Benefit; 54 were on the Sickness Benefit; and 48 received the Unemployment Benefit. Between them, Tauranga’s teenage DPB recipients had just under 100 children.
In 2001, 97% of Tauranga households had a telephone (96% nationally) and 34% had internet access (37% nationally). The number of households with access to a motor vehicle (92%) was slightly higher than the national average (90%).
At the time of the 2001 Census, 61% of Tauranga adults were in the labour force, considerably fewer than the 67% nationally. This reflected the large number of older residents, many of them retired from paid work.
Four industries together employed just over one-half of the 38,500 Tauranga residents in paid work. Retail trade was the main employer (16% of employed residents), followed by manufacturing (14%), property and business services (11%) and health and community services (also 11%). Other important industries employing more than 5% of the working residents were the construction industry (10%), education (7%), wholesale trade (6%), and transport and storage (5%).
Several industries – retail trade, health and community services, and construction – were comparatively more important sources of employment in Tauranga than nationally. The reverse was true for agriculture, forestry and fishing – a sector employing 9% of all workers nationally in 2001, but only 4% in Tauranga.
In 2001, 68% of Tauranga households owned their homes, the same proportion as nationally. However, more owned their homes freehold (36%, compared with 33% nationally) rather than with a mortgage (32% compared with 35% nationally). The proportions of households living in rented accommodation (28%) or rent free (4%) were similar to the national average.
7Includes DPB Sole Parent and Emergency Maintenance Allowance.
8Includes Sickness Benefit and Sickness Benefit Hardship.
9Non-beneficiaries are low-income people who are not receiving an income-tested benefit or a pension from Work and Income, but who do receive a Work and Income supplementary benefit (eg an Accommodation Supplement, a Childcare Subsidy).
10Includes Unemployment Benefit and Unemployment Benefit Hardship.