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years (1.1 years more than the female average across New Zealand).

From 1992 to 2000, an average of 734 Tauranga District residents died each year. People aged 70 years and over accounted for 71% of the district’s deaths, compared with 66% nationally. The main causes of death in Tauranga were the same as those across the country. In 2001, diseases of the circulatory system accounted for 46% of deaths; neoplasms (cancers) caused 32%; and diseases of the respiratory system caused 8%.

Suicides

In the nine years from 1992 to 2000, 116 Tauranga District residents took their own lives. The annual number fluctuated widely, from 7 in 1993 to 19 in 1997. This fluctuation was especially marked among young people, who accounted for 39 of the suicides: in 1997, nine people aged 15-24 years took their own lives, whereas a year earlier there were none.

Crime

Recorded criminal offences22

In 2004, 116,000 people were served by four police stations with catchment areas within the Tauranga District (Greerton, Mt Maunganui, Papamoa and Tauranga). In that year, around 11,690 criminal offences were recorded (2.9% of the country’s total).

Dishonesty made up more than half (57%) of all recorded offences, the same proportion as nationally. Within that category, theft was the most commonly recorded offence type (around 4,030 in Tauranga in 2004), followed by burglary (around 1,590) and car conversion (760).

Drugs and anti-social offences was Tauranga’s next most commonly recorded crime type. At 18% of the year’s total, it accounted for a considerably higher proportion of recorded offences than nationally (13%). Within this offence category, 780 offences were recorded against the Sale of Liquor Act 1989, along with 630 disorder offences and 450 cannabis offences.

Source: New Zealand Police

Violent crime made up 10% of offences. This category included 420 serious assaults, 360 minor assaults and 260 cases of intimidation/threat. Property damage was the next most common, accounting for 7% of recorded offences in Tauranga (10% nationwide).

Between 1996 and 2004, the number of offences recorded across the whole country fell by 15%. In the Tauranga District, the number of recorded offences also fell during that time, but only by 3%. The biggest numerical decrease was in dishonesty, with around 1,110 fewer offences recorded in 2004 compared with 1996 – a fall of 14%. Proportionately, the largest decreases occurred in administrative offences and sexual offences. Two types of recorded crime increased markedly in the period: drugs and anti-social offences by 56%,

22Police administrative boundaries do not necessarily match territorial authority boundaries. These statistics are drawn from police stations whose catchment areas fall within the Tauranga District and within whose boundaries criminal offences were recorded by police. These areas may not correspond exactly to the Tauranga District but they are the “best fit” available.

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