Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Scale*
INSTRUCTIONS: For each question, circle the correct answer. Keep track of your points as you go.
1. How soon after you wake up do you smoke your first cigarette?
a. Within 5 minutes
Within 6-30 minutes (2 points)
Within 31-60 minutes (I point)
d. After 60 minutes
2. Do you find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden (e.g., in church, at the library, in cinema, etc)?
Which cigarette would you hate most to give up?
The first one in the morning (I point)
b. Any other
How many cigarettes per day do you smoke?
10 or less (o points)
d. 31 or more (3 points)
Do you smoke more during the first hours after waking than during the rest of the day?
Yes (I point)
b. No (O points)