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behaviour of materials under various environmental conditions and to develop processes for novel materials. Established principles from thermodynamics, general chemistry and phase equilibria (their basic knowledge should be a pre-requisite, including basic concepts of statistical thermodynamics usually given to students in introductory courses) provide practical tools for understanding high-temperature chemical behaviour of materials and processes. In the following, thermodynamic sub- topics that are directly related to inorganic materials thermodynamics at high temperatures are listed. These usually cannot be addressed in-depth in the general introductory courses of the first semesters.

    • 4.1

      Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, entropy relationships

    • 4.2

      Phase transformations and phase diagrams in unary systems

    • 4.3

      Thermodynamics of mixing (in metallic and ceramic systems)

    • 4.4

      Phase transformations and phase diagrams in binary systems and

their relation to thermodynamic properties

Describe in particular binary free-energy vs composition diagrams with selected examples of intermetallic and ceramic (in particular oxide) systems

4.5 Examples of phase diagrams for ternary systems

Useful bibliography

Books Numerous textbooks of general thermodynamics are available. Those reported here are particularly oriented to the thermodynamics of materials:

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