Experimental techniques for phase diagram determination
Topic description and teaching suggestions: Various thermal analysis techniques: TG, DTA, DSC, complemented by XRD, SEM-EDS and optical microscopy, diffusion couples, Mössbauer, neutron diffraction, all adapted for measurements at high temperatures, are currently employed to determine phase diagrams and to highlight transformations up to the melting point of inorganic materials (alloys, ceramic, and minerals), as well for the study of reaction kinetics (e.g. oxidation of metals, alloys, intermetallics and refractory non-oxide compounds, decomposition of solids, etc.). Give (or refresh where necessary) a brief description of the techniques and illustrate a few selected examples.
Books J.-C. Zhao (ed.), “Methods for Phase Diagram Determination”, Elsevier Science, 2007. N Saunders and A.P Miodownik, “CALPHAD- Calculation of Phase Diagrams. A comprehensive
guide”, Pergamon Materials Series, Pergamon/Elsevier Science, Oxford, 1998; see Chapter 4, for experimental determination of thermodynamic data and phase diagrams.
Stolyarova and G. Semenov, “Mass spectrometric study of the evaporation of oxide systems”, Wiley 1994.
Kubaschewski, C.B. Alcock, P.J. Spencer, "Materials Thermochemistry", 6th edition revised of "Metallurgical Thermochemistry", Pergamon Press, Oxford/New York, 1993.
Quinn T.J., “Temperature” 2nd edition, Academic Press, London 1990. Sime “Physical chemistry-methods, techniques, experiments”, Saunders College Publishing, 1990.
Rickert., “ Electrochemistry of solids. An introduction”, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982, useful chapter 8.
L. Margrave, “High temperature techniques”, chap VI of Techniques of chemistry Vol. IX- Chemical experimentation under extreme conditions, Bryan W. Rossiter editor, Wiley, New York 1980.
Chaudron and F Trombe, eds. “Les hautes temperatures et leurs utilization in physique et en chemie” Vol I and II, Masson, Paris, 1973.
C Mackenzie (Editor), “Differential thermal analysis”, in 2 Volumes; Vol.1, Fundamentals, Vol.2 Applications, Academic Press, London, 1970.