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develop more sophisticated approaches towards process simulation, taking into account transport phenomena, flow properties, non-isothermal conditions, etc., can be outlined. Where possible, the results predicted by modelling should be compared with those of the experiments

Useful bibliography

The SGTE Casebook Thermodynamics at work (Second edition) edited by K.Hack, Woodhead PublishingLtd., Cambridge, UK, 2008; pp 256. The second edition, substantially revised and enlarged, of this standard reference explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications The SGTE Casebook Thermodynamics at work edited by K. Hack, The Institute of Materials, London, UK 1996 ; pp.228

7. Vaporization and decomposition processes

Aims: to describe the physico-chemical bases and complexity of vaporization and decomposition of inorganic materials at high temperatures, the information derived therefrom and their relevance to materials characterization and processing.

7.1 Vaporization processes: thermodynamic and kinetic aspects

Topic explanation and teaching suggestions: All substances evaporate under given conditions of temperature and external pressure. The detailed study of a vaporization process yields information on the nature and energetics of chemical binding in the gaseous state; the nature of high temperature reactions; the thermodynamic properties of solids, liquids and gases; the kinetics of high temperature vaporization reactions ; their use as preparative tools for new materials. For example, it may be important to consider the loss in weight and size that occurs as a result of free evaporation of an


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