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R. Sharifi, S.V. Pisupati, A.W. Scaroni, “Combustion science and technology” in: Kirk-Othmer

Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Fourth Edition, Volume 6, pp. 1049-1092, Wiley Interscience, 1993 A software (CEA) widely used in combustion science to calculate chemical equilibrium product concentrations from any set of reactants and to determine thermodynamic and transport properties for the product mixture was developed by S. Gordon and B.J. McBride at Nasa: http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/CEAWeb/

9.8 Properties of liquids and high temperature processes involving

liquids Aim : to achieve basic knowledge of high temperature liquid phases and melts

Topic explanation and teaching suggestions: High temperature liquid phases are present in many technological processes (liquid metals, slags, molten silicates and glasses, molten salts...). Basic knowledge of the physico-chemical properties of liquid and melts is important to understand the processes in which they are involved. To characterize the structure and long range bond interactions in such liquids, many modern diagnostic techniques such as lasers-beams (see topic dealing with containerless processing), X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, NMR and EXAFS, all adapted for investigation at high temperatures, provide useful information. Students should at least be aware of the types of research problem currently encountered in industry and which techniques are useful to address a specific problem and system.

  • C.

    B.Alcock, “Thermochemical processes: Principles and Models” Elsevier Science&Technology Books (Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann), 2001, see Part 3

  • F.

    D. Richardson Physical Chemistry of Melts in Metallurgy, Academic Press, London/New York, 1974.

  • P.

    C. Nordine, J.K.R. Weber, J.G. Abadie, “Properties of high temperature melts using levitation”, Pure Appl. Chem. 72 (2000) 2127-36.

  • T.

    Baykara, R.H. Hauge, N. Norem, P. Lee, J.L. Margrave, “A review of containerless thermophysical property measurements for liquid metals and alloys” in High Temperature Science 32 (1991) 113- 154


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