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approaches as, for example, in the generation of new and more extensive thermodynamic databases. The evolution in the field is clearly evidenced by the succession of various conferences and meetings on high temperature materials chemistry and technology held regularly in the last five decades (see Appendix: Symposium Proceedings). For example, the successful series of IUPAC conferences on High Temperature Materials Chemistry (HTMC) is now considered the premier international venue for presenting advances of basic and applied research in the field and for gathering together scientists from different areas of expertise (materials chemists, physico-chemists, metallurgists, ceramists, engineers, industrial chemists, physicists). Another forum that addresses fundamental issues in high temperature science is the Gordon Research Conference series on High Temperature Materials Processes and Diagnostics (formerly known as the Gordon Research Conference on High Temperature Chemistry). Other related meetings are those of the Electrochemical Society High Temperature Materials Division. Many of the topics listed here are related to results of researches reported at the above conferences. Motivation for basic research in high temperature science, mainly carried out at university and other institutions, is strongly connected with the need to train young scientists such as chemists, physicists and materials scientists who are required to address various high temperature materials problems associated with the needs of advanced technologies (e.g. in the fields of energy production, aerospace research and environmental issues). To this end, the importance is recognized of providing students with the concepts and tools necessary to understand the behaviour of materials and chemical processes at high temperatures. However, although research is actively carried out in many academic laboratories and other institutions in the field of

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