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Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 12, No.2, 2010)

ISSN: 1520-5509 Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, Pennsylvania

THE TREND OF DEMISED INDUSTRIES IN A NIGERIAN ENVIRONMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

By: Olawepo, R.A. and Fadayiro, M.O.

ABSTRACT With the large stock of manpower and natural resources in Nigeria, every location has the potential for industrial development. Kwara State is often described as a civil service state where there has been dearth of industrial development. This study, through field survey, discovered that over the years, there have been incessant problems leading to ‘death beds’ of manufacturing industries throughout the state. Many big industries existed in the past, and many more are still being built. An inventory of dead, ailing, and functional industries indicates that 31 manufacturing industries collapsed in the last three decades in Kwara State. Similarly, about 16,382 jobs from the industrial sector were lost during the same period, while about 60% of the privately owned industries collapsed after the death of the proprietors. The questions still remain: What are the main factors of industrial collapse in this part of the country? What are the implications of this situation on the state economy? The author examined the trend and implications of this syndrome on the general development of Kwara State and the repercussions on the Nigerian economy. Suggestions are made in order to reduce the trend and for possible links towards sustainable development.

Keywords:

manufacturing, raw materials, development

INTRODUCTION There exist three main groups of industries in Nigeria: the heavy plants, light industries, and small and medium scale industries. While multi-national corporations or the government either own most heavy plants, private individuals own others. These various types of industries are scattered nationwide. A large proportion of them are situated in the southwest, with Lagos accounting for

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