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Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 12, No.2, 2010) - page 5 / 17

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Bale (1976) has, for instance, identified four types of movements. These are:

  • (a)

    types of moves which include seedbeds, death bed, branch-plant development, the lock, stock and barrel moves, and the potentially mobile firms,

  • (b)

    the dual – population hypothesis, otherwise referred to as macro-scale movement,

  • (c)

    intra-Urban-Industrial movements, which are moves within a particular urban area and are generally over quite short distance, and,

  • (d)

    the movement, linkage relationship where an industrial linkage acts as a “brake” on movement or changes with movement patterns.

Townroe (1979) not only identified such industrial movement types already discussed above, but also added an interesting section on the relationship between industrial movement and the theories of industrial location. Sant (1975) examined the incidence of industrial closures in the UK, between 1946 and 1966, noting that the industrial closure, being a hardship, not only to nations and regions, but also to the people within the industrial landscape.

The study area Kwara state was created on May 27, 1967, alongside eleven other states in the federation. As at its creation in 1967, the state was made up of the former Ilorin and Kabba provinces of the Northern Region of Nigeria. The state was, then, called central west state but was later changed to Kwara, the local name for the Niger River.

Between 1967 and August 1991, the state had been reduced, considerably, in size. On February 13, 1976, part of the state was carved out and merged with parts of Benue Plateau state to form Benue state. On August 27, 1991, five Local Government Areas, namely, Oyi, Yagba, Okene, Okehi, and Kogi, were also carved out to form part of Kogi State. The capital of the state is Ilorin, which is about 306 km from Lagos and 500 km from Abuja. Kwara State has a land area of about 32,500 sq. km.

Kwara state has a population of over 1.5 million people, made up of three main ethnic groups, namely, Yoruba, Nupe, and Baruba. The state shares boundaries with Ondo, Ekiti, Oyo Osun, and Kogi states, while it has an international boundary with the Republic of Benin. The state is endowed with some solid minerals, such as limestone, marble, feldspar, clay, kaolin, and gold, among others. Agriculture is the mainstay of the people of the state. Variation of crops like yams, cassava, maize, fruits, and vegetables are grown in the state. The presence of towns, such as Oro, Ajase-Ipo, Ilorin,Offa, etc., are synonymous with central functions, like catering, re-creational services, etc.,

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