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5. A cost-effective location

  • Business setup and operating costs* are lower in France than in Italy, the United States or

Germany. (KPMG, “Competitive Alternatives”, 2012)

Cost index (Base: 100 United States)

Very competitive electricity rates

Electricity rates for manufacturers

*Cost components: Labor Facility costs Transport

Utility costs (electricity, natural gas, telecommunications) Corporate tax

115 110 105 100 95 90 85

94,5

94,7

95

96,1

97,9

100,1

103,7

109,4

2nd half of 2012

UK: 115 /MWh (exc. VAT)

Germany: 87 /MWh (exc. VAT)

France: 67 /MWh (exc. VAT)

Consumption between 500 and 2,000 MWh

(Eurostat, 2013)

  • Average costs per employee (wages, salaries and statutory costs) are lower in France than in the Netherlands, the United States or Germany. (KPMG, “Competitive Alternatives”, 2012)

  • As a proportion of GDP, carbon dioxide emissions by French industry are lower than in the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany and the United States. (IMD, “World Competitiveness Yearbook”, 2012)

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