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A m e r i c a n I n d i a n A r t U t a h M u s e u m o f F i n e A r t s w w w . u m f a . u t a h . e d u L e s s o n P l a n s f o r E d u c a t o r s

March 4, 2009

Moccasins

Huron

F r o m : S p l e n d i d H e r i t a g e c a t a l o g u e C o m m . e n t a r y b y A r t h u r A m i o t t e , J o h n C . E w e r s a n d R i c h a r d A . P o h r t . C o m p i l e d a n d E d i t e d b y J o n a t h a n B a t k i n .

Moccasins, ca. 1835 Northeast, Huron Black-dyed hide; dyed moosehair; silk ribbon From the private collection of John and Marva Warnock WC9605008

A c c o r d i n g t o R u t h P h i l l i p s , U r s u l i n e n u n s , a n d n u n s o f o t h e r o r d e r s i n Q u e b e c C i t y , t a u g h t t e c h n i q u e s o f E u r o p e a n e m b r o i d e r y t o t h e H u r o n - W e n d a t o f L o r e t t e d u r i n g t h e 1 7 t h a n d 1 8 t h c e n t u r i e s , w h i l e t h e m s e l v e s l e a r n - i n g t h e u s e s o f m o o s e h a i r a n d b i r c h - b a r k f r o m n a t i v e p e o p l e s . T h e H u r o n s o f L o r e t t e w e r e e a r l y c o n v e r t s t o C h r i s t i a n i t y , a n d a f t e r t h e i r d e f e a t a t t h e h a n d s o f t h e I r o q u o i s i n t h e 1 7 t h c e n t u r y t h e y h a d s o u g h t r e f u g e a m o n g t h e F r e n c h o f Q u e b e c C i t y . T h e f i n e s t H u r o n m o o s e h a i r e m b r o i d e r y , o f w h i c h t h i s i s a n e x a m p l e , i s c h a r a c t e r i z e d b y d e n s e a n d v i s u a l l y d r a m a t i c s t y l i z e d f l o - r a l p a t t e r n s . T h e c u t o f t h i s t y p e o f m o c c a s i n w a s a d o p t e d b y t h e H u r o n s

f r o m t h e e a s t e r n C r e e o f t h e Q u e b e c r e g i o n a f t e r t h e y h a d s e t t l e d t h e r e . B y t h e l a t e 1 8 t h c e n t u r y t h e H u r o n s o f L o r e t t e h a d b e g u n s t a g - i n g d a n c e s f o r t o u r i s t s , a n d t h e y c o n t i n u e d t h i s p r a c t i c e f o r a c e n t u r y . O n t h o s e o c c a s i o n s t h e y s o l d a n d t r a d e d a r t i f a c t s t o t h e v i s i t o r s ; t h e y a l s o t o o k t h e i r w o r k t o Q u e b e c C i t y t o t r a d e i t .

Moccasin (Detail)s, ca. 1835 Northeast, Huron Black-dyed hide; dyed moosehair; silk ribbon From the private collection of John and Marva Warnock WC9605008

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