Carbon Capture and Storage – A Roadmap for Scotland
Section 1 - Introduction
Global energy demand as a whole continues to rise despite the current economic slowdown. The International Energy Agency (IEA) states that fossil fuels will remain a central part of the way we consume energy. The World Energy Outlook in 2008 estimated that 80% of global energy needs in 2030 will continue to be met by fossil fuels. At the same time the impact of climate change is clear with the need to take action to reduce carbon emissions. The Scottish Government is now committed to the world-leading greenhouse gas emission reduction targets set out in the new Climate Change (Scotland) Act 20096 which sets a statutory target for greenhouse gas emission reduction of 80% by 2050. The accompanying Climate Change Delivery Plan7 sets out four transformational outcomes that will be necessary to meet this, including decarbonisation of electricity generation by 2030.
The question therefore arises as to how we maintain energy security and meet future energy demand while minimising the effects of climate change.
Given that just over a third of current carbon emissions in Scotland come from the electricity generation sector, it has a significant key role to play in the development of technology led approaches which can reduce carbon emissions while continuing to ensure that supplies of electricity are maintained.
Source: Key Scottish Environment Statistics 20098