Carbon Capture and Storage – A Roadmap for Scotland
Section 4 – Key Milestones
The table below sets out some of the key timelines and milestones that are likely to be required if CCS is to make a significant contribution towards the decarbonisation of the electricity sector by 2030.
Required rate of growth of CCS
Global – 20 projects
EU – up to 8 demo projects
UK – up to 4 demo projects
Scotland – 1 or more demo project
EU – 30 million tonnes per year CO2 stored
EU – 150 million tonnes CO2 cumulatively stored.
EU and UK – CCS deployment commencing
Need large scale proven aquifer storage capacity
Need financial funding method for CCS deployment established
CCS changes from demo to deployment phase
Development of CCS common across electricity generation and other sectors
This section sets out some the key milestones across each of the main elements of CCS which we believe need to be considered if CCS is to become a reality in Scotland.
CCS is currently a fledgling industry with only pilot plants currently in operation across Europe. These are small in nature and demonstrate individually only one aspect of the CCS chain. If we are to progress towards the recommendation of the Committee of Climate Change that the electricity generation sector should be decarbonised by 2030, then the period 2015-2020 will be the crucial demonstration phase for CCS, with further deployment on a commercial scale coming between 2020 and 2030.
The role of the EU ETS New Entrants Reserve and the UK CCS levy (on which