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Carbon Capture and Storage – A Roadmap for Scotland

Section 4 – Key Milestones

The table below sets out some of the key timelines and milestones that are likely to be required if CCS is to make a significant contribution towards the decarbonisation of the electricity sector by 2030.

Required rate of growth of CCS

2010

2015-2020

2020

2020-2030

2030

Fledgling Industry

Global – 20 projects

EU – up to 8  demo projects

UK – up to 4 demo projects

Scotland – 1 or more demo project

EU – 30 million tonnes per year CO2 stored

EU – 150 million tonnes CO2 cumulatively stored.

EU and UK – CCS deployment commencing

Need large scale proven aquifer storage capacity

Need financial funding method for CCS deployment established

CCS rollout

CCS changes from demo to deployment phase

Development of CCS common across electricity generation and other sectors

This section sets out some the key milestones across each of the main elements of CCS which we believe need to be considered if CCS is to become a reality in Scotland.

Funding and Demonstrations

CCS is currently a fledgling industry with only pilot plants currently in operation across Europe.  These are small in nature and demonstrate individually only one aspect of the CCS chain.  If we are to progress towards the recommendation of the Committee of Climate Change that the electricity generation sector should be decarbonised by 2030, then the period 2015-2020 will be the crucial demonstration phase for CCS, with further deployment on a commercial scale coming between 2020 and 2030.

The role of the EU ETS New Entrants Reserve and the UK CCS levy (on which

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