Carbon Capture and Storage – A Roadmap for Scotland
The economic opportunities for the development of a CCS-based industry are considerable. There is the potential for a whole new industry to emerge in Scotland, which could support up to an estimated 10,000 new jobs in the next 15–20 years. In the longer term, CCS is expected to develop into a multi-billion pound market with some 23,000 thermal generation plants globally, potentially requiring replacement or retrofit with CCS.
As stated previously, Scotland has real potential to see the development of CCS as a key economic sector. We have many of the skills and engineering experience gained from the oil and gas and power industries which are transferable to this sector. Given the potential global potential for CCS development, there is significant export potential for Scotland in areas such as power plant construction and components, engineering consultancy services as well as geological and academic expertise.
While we consider that Scotland has already made significant progress in a number of aspects, the challenge will be to build upon this work as we start to move into the demonstration phase of CCS over the next few years. In particular, there needs to be a focus from government and other agencies in ensuring that the economic development opportunities for CCS are exploited. Following some initial discussions within Scottish Enterprise and Scottish Government, a CCS Alliance for Scotland has been proposed. This would bring together representatives from various parts of the public sector to consider how we take forward CCS activity and assist in the development of projects to the benefit of Scotland, including ensuring that key messages about Scotland and what we can offer are communicated to relevant parties including the European Union. In effect this would be the ‘front door’ of CCS in Scotland to the world.
The primary public sector responsibility for the development of CCS opportunities will lie with economic development agencies Scottish Enterprise, Highlands and Islands Enterprise and Scottish Development International, supported by the Scottish European Green Energy Centre and the Energy Technology Partnership. They have considerable experience in the provision of support including supply chain development and investment opportunities. The Scottish Government is keen to prioritise the development of CCS and will ensure that the relevant agencies maximise efforts to develop opportunities.
The level of skills required in CCS will also be an issue. As part of the work programme of the Energy Advisory Boards and the supporting themes groups, a paper on future skills requirements for the sector is being developed. This will allow both industry and the public sector agencies, including Skills Development Scotland, to consider what future actions might need to be taken.
In addition, as part of the Scottish CCTS Development Study, the issue of skills