like Ainsworth’s insecure-ambivalent. These people are the ones who cling to a lover. They are obsessive and emotional. They are constantly fearful of rejection and worry about their significant others feelings about them and the relationship. They are unstable in close relationships, much like the clinging child. These models proposed by Hazan and Shaver follow previously stated styles of attachment, but others have branched out further.
Bartholomew (1991) went further to describe a four-category model. She based her classifications on both the way the subject feels about themselves and the way he or she feels about others. Previous research focused more on the subjects internal working models of a close relationship. This new perspective took the theory to a more objective level. She held to the original models of secure and insecure-ambivalent, but they separated the insecure-avoidant into two categories.
Secure people, in Bartholomew’s theory have a sense of self worth and also believe in others self worth. They have a positive view of themselves and others. Their memories of childhood are happy with loving supporting parents. They value attachment relationships and are comfortable around people. They have a strong liking for others and are honest and trusting in their relationships. They are characterized in this theory by this positive-positive view.
The second prototype is the preoccupied type. This is much like the anxious/ambivalent of Bowlby and Hazan and Shaver. These people have memories of childhood and often become emotional when talking about them. Their past often includes divorce or some other major life change that occurred early. They are clingy and starved for affection. They value close relationships and often are disappointed when those close