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Adult Attachment

two people. If a person has trouble with intimacy and closeness, sex will carry issues with it. Bogaert and Sadava (2002) found that securely attached individuals were more likely to rate themselves as attractive and less likely to masturbate (possibly pointing to a healthier sex life). Anxiously attached people were more likely to rate themselves as less attractive, scored higher on erotophilia (positive sexual affect, more inclined to have sex), and were more likely to experience sex at a young age or with many partners and be unfaithful. The unstable early attachment seems to be mirrored in the unstable adult relationships.  

Smallbone and Dadds (2001) found that anxiously attached people are more likely to engage in coercive sexual behavior. They hypothesize that this could be due to a tendency toward aggression and antisocial behavior associated with insecure attachments.

It is clear that secure individuals have healthier, happier sex lives, and the working models created in insecure individuals can have adverse effect on intimate acts. It is difficult to deal with the closeness sex brings to a relationship if a person is not comfortable in that relationship to start.

Health Related Effects

Meyers and Vetere (2002) conducted two studies on attachment style and its effects on health. The first study conducted dealt with stress. They used the Coping Resources Inventory to assess which attachment style had the most resources for dealing with stress in their lives. They found that securely attached people have many more internal resources for coping. Avoidant was second, followed by Anxious. Meyers (1998) also found that secure individuals have higher self-esteem and personal competence, and

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