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Adult Attachment

Strategies model is the primary viewpoint in evolutionary theory. It outlines the research on why humans are attracted to a certain type of individual. Males want an attractive, fertile, capable female who can birth and care for his children, and females want a strong, wealthy man who can take care of her and her young. This early research is certainly valid, but it fails to explain everything. There is clearly more to mate selection.

Other research has focused on the infant-caregiver model. The first bond a human encounters is the bond with their primary care giver, usually the mother. An infant creates a bond with its mother. He or she depends on her for warmth, love, support, and protection. If it is secure, this bond lasts for most of a child’s life.  Even once the child is grown, he or she deeply loves this first caregiver. Most adults still call their mother for support, advice, or to share good news. There has been extensive research on this first bond, but could it be possible to apply this infant attachment theory on adults? This theory of attachment could help to explain how humans pick their mate and why they are monogamous even after child-rearing duties have passed.

Some researchers, such as Bowlby and Hazan, have proposed that attachment theory needs to be looked at closer with regards to human mating. Attachment theory may help to explain why humans mate for longer than the 4-5 years it takes to raise an infant. Or why females are sexually receptive even when not ovulating, and why fathers have so much interest in their children as they grow up. It may help to create a fuller picture of human mating.

Studies have shown correlations between attachment styles and many other facets of life such as martial satisfaction. It has been shown to affect health measures, quality of life, parenting, and sexual behaviors. Clearly this theory has effects outside of the infant-

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