2. (c) (i)
THONG GUAN INDUSTRIES BERHAD
Significant accounting policies (Cont’d)
Property, plant and equipment (Cont’d)
Recognition and measurement (Cont d)
When significant parts of an item of property, plant and equipment have different useful lives, they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of property, plant and equipment.
Gains and losses on disposal of an item of property, plant and equipment are determined by comparing the proceeds from disposal with the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment and are recognised net within“other income”or“other expenses”respectively in the income statements.
The cost of replacing part of an item of property, plant and equipment is recognised in the carrying amount of the item if it is probable that the future economic benefits embodied within the part will flow to the Group and its cost can be measured reliably.The carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognised.The costs of the day-to-day servicing of property, plant and equipment are recognised in the income statement as incurred.
Depreciation is recognised in the income statement on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment. Leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the lease term and their useful lives unless it is reasonably certain that the Group will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term. Freehold land is not depreciated. Property, plant and equipment under construction are not depreciated until the assets are ready for their intended use.
The depreciation rate for the current and comparative periods based on their estimated useful lives are as follows :
Plant and machinery
6.7 - 20
Furniture, fittings and office equipment
10 - 20
Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reassessed at the balance sheet date.
Investments in debt and equity securities
Investments in debt and equity securities are recognised initially at fair value plus attributable transaction costs.
Subsequent to initial recognition :
Investments in non-current equity securities other than investments in subsidiaries and associate are stated at cost less allowance for diminution in value,
All current investments are carried at the lower of cost and market value, determined on an individual investment basis by category of investments.
Where in the opinion of the Directors, there is a decline other than temporary in the value of non-current equity securities other than investment in subsidiaries and associate, the allowance for diminution in value is recognised as an expense in the financial year in which the decline is identified.
On disposal of an investment, the difference between net disposal proceeds and its carrying amount is recognised in the income statement.
All investments in debt and equity securities are accounted for using settlement date accounting. Settlement date accounting refers to: