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From Urbanization to Urbanism

  • The Chicago School researchers felt that the city was more than just a physical location

    • It also involved a way of life

  • Urbanism is ‘a state of mind, a body of customs, traditions, attitudes and sentiments, specifically linked to city dwelling’

    • How did Wirth conceive of urbanism?

      • Absence of community and close personal relationships, greater tolerance, emotional withdrawal, and interactions that lacked

intensity, were more superficial, more impersonal, and goal directed; people become more individualistic

Critiquing the Ecological Tradition

  • How well does the model stand up to your

experience?

Critiquing the Ecological Tradition

  • Urbanism

    • Social isolation, stress and emotional withdrawal are common in rural settings

      • Urban life is less impersonal and anomic than described

      • Urban residents create dense networks of friends and family (Wellman Reading)

  • The Zone Model

      • Ignores the importance of residential segregation

      • Newer cities often have expensive inner cores (gentrification) and slums found on the outskirts

      • The automobile has changed expansion to follow travel routes (creating wedge shaped expansion)

      • Cities may grow in a ‘multi-nucleic’ manner

      • Presents the process as almost ‘natural’

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