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Estimate of costs incurred

This is a rough summary of the costs incurred on the trip (in US dollars)

Preparation of Landrover prior to departure

$ 1 400

Servicing

$ 200

4 new springs, shackles, U-bolts, etc

$ 500

4 new tyres

$ 500

Assorted spares

$ 200

Consumables taken from S. Africa

$ 500

Canned food, gas, paraffin, oil, etc

$ 500

Documents obtained in S. Africa

$ 750

Visas, carnets, license, medical insurance

$ 750

Documents on trip

$ 200

Permits, road tax, insurance, visa

$ 200

Travel costs

$ 2 300

Petrol

$ 2 000

Hotels

$ 150

Restaurants

$ 150

Repairs to Landrover

$ 1 350

Welding shackle in Marsabit

$ 50

Fixing brakes in Shashamene

$ 20

Re-welding shackles in Addis Ababa

$ 150

Replacing rear drive shafts in Addis Ababa

$ 750

Repairing roof in Dese

$ 50

Welding front springs in Nekempte

$ 20

Re-welding front springs in Arba Minch

$ 20

Replacing both front springs in Moyale

$ 200

4 puncture repairs

$ 10

Replacing 2 U-bolts in Marsabit

$ 65

Replacing one pair shackles & 2 U-bolts in Johannesburg

$ 15

Approximate total cost of trip

$ 6 500

$6 500

In summary, I spent $ 2 650 in South Africa preparing for the trip.  I took $3 000 in cash to cover the expected expenses.  In fact I spent $ 2 500 in travel expenses, but the high additional cost of repairs destroyed my budget, and caused the problems in obtaining the additional money while in Ethiopia.

Currency table

As of mid-January 2000

Country – currency

Currency unit per US $

Petrol price in local currency

Comments

South Africa – Rands

6.15

R 2.8

Credit cards cannot be used for petrol

Zimbabwe –Dollars

40

Z$ 20

Credit cards can be used for petrol at most garages

Zambia – Kwacha

2100

ZKw 2000

Credit cards can only be used for petrol in Lusaka

Tanzania – Shillings

800

TSh 500

Credit cards not in use, even at banks

Kenya – Shillings

72

KSh 50

Credit cards can be used in Nairobi for petrol, and at any bank

Ethiopia – Birr

8

B 3

Only US$ in cash or travellers cheques can be converted.  Bank transfers take several weeks.  No credit cards are accepted anywhere, except Hilton Hotel for accommodation.  Strict currency control

Djibouti – Francs

175

DFr 160

Credit cards can only be used at banks and hotels, not for petrol.

NB: obviously the above will be out-of-date, but it should give indications of what sort of rates exist.

An Ethiopian trip: 27/11/1999 to 17/01/2000Giles Mulholland 31 January 2000

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