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Appendix 3: Birds not seen

Target species missed (excluding the Sudanese species)

Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) – at best I would have been lucky to see this in Djibouti.

Waldrapp (Geronticus eremita) – extinct? in north east - a  key target species, but not really expected! Last seen in Eritrea in 1997, otherwise not recorded since the 1970's.

Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) – should have been easy in the Bale Mountains.

Gadwall (Anas strepera) – frequent in Rift Valley lakes.

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) – supposedly rare, and given the euro-centricity of most reports, no further information was available.

Garganey (Anas querquedula) – common in Rift Valley lakes.

Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca) – frequent in Rift Valley lakes.

Levant Sparrowhawk (Accipiter brevipes) – rare in western lowlands, no other details available.

Red-necked Buzzard (Buteo auguralis) – should be frequent in western lowlands.

Bonelli's Eagle (Hieraaetus fasciatus) – reported from mountains in Djibouti.

Sand Partridge (Ammoperdix heyi) – rare in the north - probably only possible in Eritrea.

Little Crake (Porzana parva) – rare in highlands, no other details available.

Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) – rare, status uncertain given difficulty in separating species from Red-knobbed Coot in non-breeding plumage.

Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo) – should be frequent in north-west and western lowlands.

Heuglin's Bustard (Neotis heuglinii) – apart from Fejeje in south-west, could also be found in extreme south-east.

Egyptian Plover (Pluvianus aegyptius) – rare in western lowlands, no other details available.

Cream-coloured Courser (Cursorius cursor) – should be fairly easy to find in the extreme south-east.

Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimum) – rare in highland marshes, no further information available.

Bridled Tern (Sterna anaethetus) – could be found in Djibouti ?

Brown Noddy (Anous stolidus) – could be found in Djibouti ?

Four-banded Sandgrouse (Pterocles quadricinctus) – supposedly frequent is western lowlands, but nocturnal.

Bruce's Green Pigeon (Treron waalia) – common in Rift Valley, supposedly hard to miss - I did.

Rock Dove (Columba livia) – may not reach Ethiopia from northern Eritrea.

Ring-necked Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) – frequent in north-east, possibly as far west as Awash NP.

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) – rare in east, no other details available..

Long-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus climacurus) – frequent in the west .

Nechisar Nightjar (Caprimulgus solala) – rare in Nechisar plains (newly discovered species, although status is still being questioned since the sole “specimen” remains a single wing).

Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar (Caprimulgus donaldsoni) – frequent in extreme south-east.

Star-spotted Nightjar (Caprimulgus stellatus) – should be found in Awash NP and to the south.

Nubian Nightjar (Caprimulgus nubicus) – common in the desert areas of the eastern half of the country.

Standard-winged Nightjar (Macrodipteryx longipennis) – supposedly frequent, and seen in Nechisar NP.

Little Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis) – should be frequent in north-west and west.

Vieillot's Barbet (Lybius vieilloti) – supposedly frequent in north-west.

Eurasian Wryneck (Jynx torquilla) – uncommon throughout.

Collared Lark (Mirafra collaris) – rare in extreme south, probably should be searched for in N Kenya.

Gillett's Lark (Mirafra gilletti) – rare in south-east and at Awash.

Degodi Lark (Mirafra degodiensis) – localized at Bokol Manyo in extreme south-east.

Chestnut-headed Sparrow-Lark (Eremopterix signata) – frequent in south and east.

Ethiopian Cliff Swallow (Hirundo species) – frequent in the river gorge at Awash and Lake Langano.

Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica) – uncommon in the north.

Grasshopper Warbler (Locustella naevia) – rare in extreme north-east.

Savi's Warbler (Locustella luscinioides) – uncommon in north.

Basra Reed-Warbler (Acrocephalus griseldis) – rare in western lowlands.

Philippa's Short-billed Crombec (Sylvietta philippae) – rare in extreme south-east near Bokol Manyo.

Wood Warbler (Phylloscopus sibilatrix) – rare in north-east.

Bonelli's Warbler (Phylloscopus bonelli) – reported from Djibouti.

Desert Warbler (Sylvia nana) – could be found in Djibouti ?

Gambaga Flycatcher (Muscicapa gambagae) – rare in western highlands, no further details available.

Semi-collared Flycatcher (Ficedula semitorquata) – scarce passage migrant.

White-headed Babbler (Turdoides leucocephalus) – uncommon in north.

Dusky Babbler (Turdoides tenebrosus) – restricted to the south-west.

An Ethiopian trip: 27/11/1999 to 17/01/2000Giles Mulholland 31 January 2000

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